Vertical Banded Gastroplasty – Procedures, Benefits and Risks

Vertical banded gastroplasty or popularly known as stomach stapling was once became the most popular weight loss surgery procedure. It is a restrictive weight loss surgery that attempts to limit the amount of foods that you are able to eat.

The surgery will create small vertical pouch in your stomach (this is the reason vertical banded gastroplasty also called vertical sleeve surgery), limiting the size of meals you can eat to approximately one ounce, and slow your digestion process by making the foods to pass through a restrictive ring first.

This surgery creates a large incision in your stomach for the band to loop through. Compared with lap-band surgery where there is no incision made, the later is more favorable procedure nowadays. Another benefit with lap-band surgery, your surgeon can make adjustment with the right without surgery. As with vertical banded gastroplasty, your surgery will need to make surgery every time he/she makes adjustment to the ring.

The patients need to make radical changes in their lifestyle as a requirement of the procedure. This is permanent if you want to keep maintain the weight. You need to eat meals and drink fluids in extremely small quantity compared with your previous portion.

The Procedure

The surgery is done at hospital or surgery center, using general anesthesia. Usually, the surgery is performed using laparoscopic technique. But depending on the case, some surgeries are performed open surgery technique creating a large incision.

The surgery begins with your surgeon makes half-inch-long incisions. Then your surgeon will insert laparoscopic instruments through these incisions to begin making an incision inside the stomach. The hole is created and restrictive band is placed to decrease the absorption processing time of your stomach.

The stomach is then stapled to force the digested food to enter the banded area before leaving your stomach. After your stomach is stapled, the area of stomach that processes food will hold one ounce food at the time.

Your surgeon then will withdraw the instrument and close the incisions with sterile tape.

The Benefits

There are several benefits that you can get from vertical banded gastroplasty:

  • The procedure doesn’t disrupt the normal digestive process for the amount of food that enters your stomach in not bypassed but restricted.
  • The procedure can be reversed easily.
  • A lot of health problems associated with obesity can be healed after vertical banded gastroplasty performed. Health problems such as diabetes, hypertension and sleep apnea.
  • The rate of nutritional deficiencies is considered lower compared with other kinds of weight loss methods.

The Risks

Vertical banded gastroplasty also carries some risks such as:

  • Leaking around the stapled area.
  • Slippage of the staple of band.
  • Nausea
  • Stretching of the pouch when you keep overeating for a long period.